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Guide to mastering the clone stamp in Photoshop to do almost everything

The Clone Stamp tool is one of the enduring gems of Adobe Photoshop . All programs that want to get closer to it must have it within their codes.
The Clone Stamp tool is one of the enduring gems of Adobe Photoshop . All programs that want to get closer to it must have it within their codes. But the original has always worked better. With the passage of time others have appeared, such as a Correction Brush , but it has always remained there, on the front line. In this article we are going to explain how to handle the Clone Stamp in the most efficient way possible.

The Clone Stamp tool appeared in the first version of Adobe Photoshop when it was only supported by Apple Macintoshs. The concept is simple. We just have to mark the area we want to copy and click the space we want to hide:

The Clone Stamp tool paints one part of an image over another part of the same image or over another part of any open document that has the same color mode. You can also paint part of one layer on another layer. The Clone Stamp tool is useful for duplicating objects or removing defects in an image.

The fundamental difference from more advanced cloning tools is that it directly copies what we ask of you . It does not make any changes in color or light to adapt to the new environment. It is almost like cutting and pasting.

But I wish everything was so simple. We can find a multitude of problems if we do not configure the tool correctly. It all depends on the photography . A setting for one image may not work at all for another. Or maybe you have to go to any other tool. We cannot forget that it is the oldest of the cloning tools but it allows many things if we use it correctly.

Setting up the Clone Stamp tool

In Adobe Photoshop it is important to configure each tool appropriately. There is no point in working with them as default. And even less with the Clone Stamp . So we are going to see all the options we have and then we will decide how to act with them.

We can always click on the corresponding icon or give the S key its keyboard shortcut. And it's only stacked with the Motif Stamp tool of little interest to photographers.

We find, from left to right, the following options:

First of all we have the icon to vary its Size , its Hardness and its Shape . Personally I think that it is more comfortable to access this window with the right mouse button on the file.

Compared to the other cloning tools, this one does have as many tips as the Brush . In addition to the classic rounded tip we have square tips, specks and all the shapes that we can imagine or design.

In Mode we choose the blending mode with which we want the tool to work, regardless of the blending mode of the layer in which we are:

  •  In most of the photographs we will leave the Normal mode .
  •  To correct something dark mark on a light background Lighten .
  •  In the opposite case -light point on a dark background- we will work with Darken 

Below are Opacity and Flow , two parameters that are confused and that can be combined without problems:
  • Opacity is the transparency of the Clone Stamp . If we lower it to 0% its effect will not be seen.
  • Flow is the speed at which the effect is applied as we move it through the file. In most cases it doesn't make sense to go below 100%.

Then there is the Airbrush that is not very useful for photographers and the Brush angle setting , with which we can vary its inclination for very specific cases.

Aligned is one of the most important settings. If we do not leave this option checked, it will always choose the same point as the origin point when we release the mouse. Few times we will have it unchecked if we do not want the trick to be noticed. It is the easiest way to notice the repetition of a frame.

Sample allows us to choose the information that the cloning point of origin has. That is, if we want it to take into account all the layers of the file, only Current Layer or Current and lower.

The last two icons in the settings bar don't help photographers much either. The penultimate is used to ignore adjustment layers when cloning; and the last one will only be useful we are those who work with a graphics tablet.

If we know how to adjust each parameter appropriately, the results obtained will be perfect. What I mean by this? That no one will notice the passage of the tool through our photography.

How to work with the Clone Stamp

Before launching into cloning without thinking, all these points must be taken into account to achieve a natural effect. Sometimes we want to remove something, other times we look for the multiplication of elements. Before working we must be very clear about our objective. And it will always work better than the similar Adobe Camera RAW tool.
  1.  It works only in layers. It is unable to work with smart objects and adjustment layers. It is important to remember this to avoid any problems.
  2. You have to see the exact point we are cloning. Go to Edit> Preferences> Cursors and check Show crosshair at brush tip . That way we will always know where we are clicking.
  3.  We should not work on the original layer. Before cloning it is important to create a new empty layer and remember to check Sample> All . If something is not right we can erase the effect with the Eraser tool (E) .
  4. Remember that the Hardness parameter is essential to achieve a natural result. We will adjust it based on the sharpness of the object that we want to eliminate. If it is very clear, this value will be raised almost to the maximum ... If it is out of focus, we will lower it. There is no specific value. We will have to do several tests until we find the exact point.
It works only in layers. It is unable to work with smart objects and adjustment layers. It is important to remember this to avoid any problems.

The steps to follow to work with the Tampon are:
  • Choose a photograph in which we do not have problems with the roughness of the tool. If it has different luminosities and shades, it is better to work with another tool.
  • In the example photograph we will make a selection with the Lasso tool so as not to affect the stone stairs.
  • This selection is to take a new layer with Ctrl + J . This is the layer we will be working on.
  • We click on the tool icon (which represents an office buffer) and adjust its parameters.
  • In this case the best is a Hardness of 0% so that we do not have problems at the edge with the clouds. We will also check Sample> Current Layer .
  • We activate the selection ( Ctrl + click on the layer thumbnail).
  • Do Alt + click on the right side of photography and painting we (as if we were acting with an eraser) until the girl disappears.
  •  If we notice that an element has been repeated in a very clear way we can always clone from another area by lowering the Opacity , for example
  • We can only remove the selection ( Ctrl + D ) and the photograph will have completely changed.
Of course we can work in other ways, more direct, without problems. We can always act on the original layer. We can also forget about the selection step that we have indicated. The important thing is to understand how it works to avoid the dreaded plots, the halos and the lack of coherence in the plane.

This tool is supported by the Cloning Origin window , with which we can do many more things than we could at first:

  • You can define up to five different sample sources.
  • Lets you scale or rotate the origin point.
  • In this window we can configure the visibility or not of the image dragged by the tip of the tampon.
It is a simple tool . As always we have to pay attention to all the parameters so that they fit perfectly with the photograph in question. Many times she has been forgotten by her younger sisters but we assure you that she still has a lot to offer..
Guide to mastering the clone stamp in Photoshop to do almost everything Revisado por elcidop en 12:27 Clasificación: 5

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